英语作文万能 投稿:冯褷褸

, 排序/列举(sequencing/listing) First of all in the first place to begin with after this/that Following this/that afterwards the …

一般将来时一、定义: 一般将来时表示将来某一时刻的动作或状态,或将来某如:tomorrow(明天), next week/year/month(下周/明年/下个月 );in +时间段 in three days在未来的3天等。二、结构1. will …

2014~2015学年度福田第二学期初三年级质量检测语文试卷九年级语文时间:100分钟 满分:100分一、本大题共4小题,每小题2分,共8分。1.请选出下列加点读音和字形全都正确..的一项( )(3分) A.澎湃.(bài) 告罄.(qìn) 讪.笑…

, 排序/列举(sequencing/listing)

First of all in the first place to begin with after this/that
Following this/that afterwards the first (reason) is
First(ly)… after that finally
B, 递进(reinforcing)
Also besides furthermore
In addition more over what’s more

C, 等同(equating)
In the same way likewise… similarly……..
Accordingly… equally important… not only… but(also)

D, 总结(summarising)
In conclusion in summary In short lastly
To conclude to sum up finally

E, 举例(referring)
For example for instance in particular
Particularly such as that is to say
Namely … a (good) case in point… to illustrate

F, 结果(showing results)
As a result consequently hence so
Therefore thereby thus for this reason
Leads to cause

选择(or)类

A, 推断(inferring)
In other words in that case then
(or) else otherwise

B, 替换(giving alternatives)
Alternatively on the other hand then again

C, 重复(restating)
In other words that is to say to put it simply

转折(but)类

A, 比较/对比(contrasting)

Conversely in comparison in contrast to this
Instead nevertheless on the contrary
On the other hand … whereas… … while/whilst

B, 让步(conceding)

After all all the same even if
Although/though/even though however still
In spite of / despite this/ that nevertheless nonetheless
yet


Part I:一个公式

  我们都知道英语与汉语在表达顺序上存在很大的差异,因此,这里我们先引出一个英语表达顺序的公式来。请记住:英语的表达语序基本上遵循以下这个顺序:

  6-1-2-3-4-5-6

  6(when)—1(who)—2(what)—3(whom)—4(how)—5(where)—6(when)

  说明:6的位置很灵活,可以放前,也可以放后。

  示例:

  I ate an apple.

  I ate an apple with a fork.

  I ate an apple with a fork in the kitchen.

  I ate an apple with a fork in the kitchen this morning.

  以上四个句子从1-2-3模式一直到1-2-3-4-5-6模式,请大家逐个翻译一下,仔细对比英语顺序与汉语顺序的差异。

  结论:英语和汉语在表达的最核心内容上是一致的:即一个句子的1-2-3是相同的;但是,在有了4-5-6后,汉语表达方式与英语这个自然表达顺序产生了巨大的词序差异:汉语次信息先出现;英语主信息先出现。

  再如:

  我喜欢那个女孩子

  我喜欢那个穿红衣服的女孩子

  我喜欢那个穿红衣服的不喜欢我的女孩子

  这三个句子的核心内容都是:I like that girl.(与:“我喜欢那个女孩子”词序一致,但是,在添加了其它部分后,表达顺序全变样了!)

  再如:

  我打死一只苍蝇

  我用手打死一只苍蝇

  我用手打了三次打死一只苍蝇

  我用手打了三次并在我助理的帮助下打死了一只苍蝇

  这四个句子的核心内容都是:I killed a fly.(与“我打死一只苍蝇”词序一致,但是,在添加了其它部分后,表达顺序全变样了!)

  Part II:逗号原则


  在一个句子的前面如果有内容,那么,请记住:

  1.不到3个单词时,可以用逗号与后面句子分隔开来,也可以不用逗号分隔,具体情况根据说话人自己确定的停顿语气长短来确定。

  示例1:At last he stopped playing the piano.

  示例2:Sadly he picked up the broken glass and went into the room.

  2.达到或超过3个单词时,必须用逗号与后面句子分隔开来。

  示例1:In the end, I could not bear it.

  示例2:To my surprise, he bought me a ticket!

  Part III:1个main verb原则


  理论上讲:一个句子只应该有一个为主的动词(即2)。

  但是,实际运用的过程中,我们会发现一个句子中有多个动词,此时就需要:

  标记清楚这些动词彼此间的逻辑关系!

  这里的逻辑关系有两种情况:

  1.并列(即:将这些动词视为地位相同;一般方式为使用and连接)

  2.从属(即:牺牲某个或某些动词,将其处理成符合从属关系的方式,从而确保为主的动词;一般方式为使用动词三大非谓语形式:动词的ing形式、动词的过去分词形式、动词的不定式形式)

  1.并列关系示例

  示例1:I sat down beside her said nothing.

  分析:sat与said之间没有标记逻辑关系,错误!可以添加and,形成并列关系,即:

  I sat down beside her and said nothing.

  示例2:I entered the room saw mother sit there wait for me come back.

  分析:这里有5个动词,都没有标记逻辑关系,错误!通过分析,我们看到:entered和saw可以并列,因为它们拥有共同的1(I);sit和wait可以并列,因为它们拥有共同的

  1(mother),但这两组动词之间就不能再并列了,因为无法这么做。这就意味着:这句话里的动词有的可以并列,而有的不可以。

  示例3:I opened the bag took out some paper and a pen, sat down started take notes.

  分析:opened,took out,sat down,started这四个动词拥有共同
的1(I),而且都是1直接行使或发出的动作,所以,可以采取并列关系;但take因为有个过渡层,因此并列处理不合适。

  2.从属关系示例

  示例1:I sat down beside her said nothing.

  分析:动词关系混乱,假如想确保said,则需要牺牲后面,如:

  I sat down beside her, saying nothing.

  假如确保后面,则牺牲前面:

  Sitting down beside her, I said nothing.

  示例2:To quit smoking, I eat candies.
万能句子:


1. Yet little has been done to solve this problem worldwide.

2. To make one final point, …

3. As we are all aware …

4. … has long been an issue debated mainly in … around the world.

5. One example is that …

6. Conversely

7. The final point that I would like to make is that …

8. Likewise, it is no longer required that … nor is it …

9. at all costs

10. What is important to remember is that …

11. preservation and protection

12. In this increasingly global world, …

同义词的使用:

解决:solve, resolve, deal with, cope with, handle, tackle

消除:get rid of, eradicate, eliminate

依赖:rely on, depend on, count on

十分:very much, immensely, hugely, largely, greatly, enormously, tremendously

损害:damage, hurt, injure, harm, impair

给予:give, offer, render, impart, provide

发展:develop, cultivate, foster

优势:advantage, merit, virtue, benefit, upside, strength

缺陷:disadvantage, detect, demerit, drawback, downside, weaknes



, 排序/列举(sequencing/listing) First of all in the first place to begin with after this/that Following this/that afterwards the …

, 排序/列举(sequencing/listing) First of all in the first place to begin with after this/that Following this/that afterwards the …

, 排序/列举(sequencing/listing) First of all in the first place to begin with after this/that Following this/that afterwards the …

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