英语四级作文万能模板及范文 投稿:谭肼肽

1. alter v. 改变,改动2. burst vi. n. 突然发生,爆裂3. dispose vi.解决;处理(of)4. blast n. 爆炸;气流 vi. 炸,炸掉5. consume v. 消耗,耗尽6. split v. 劈开;割裂…

浅谈中学生英语写作能力的培养与提高书面表达在中考中占有相当大的比重,而许多学生在此方面丢分甚多,以致影响最后总分,因此提高学生写作能力势在必行。在考试中最常见的形式是要求学生根据所给信息(information)和思想(idea)来作文,亦称为一、掌…

英语新大纲:小作文写作技巧胜过华丽辞藻 根据最新的《考研英语大纲》规定,小作文这块没有任何的变化。小作文,多是辞职信、道歉信、感谢信等应用文体,它的形式是给出提示要点,要求考生根据要求表达清楚要点。它的评分重点在于信息点的覆盖;内容的组织,语言的准…

1. alter v. 改变,改动

2. burst vi. n. 突然发生,爆裂

3. dispose vi.解决;处理(of)

4. blast n. 爆炸;气流 vi. 炸,炸掉

5. consume v. 消耗,耗尽

6. split v. 劈开;割裂;分裂 a. 裂开的

7. spit v. 吐(唾液等);唾弃

8. spill v. 溢出,溅出,倒出

9. slip v. 滑动,滑落;忽略

10. slide v. 滑动,滑落 n. 滑动;滑面;幻灯片

11. bacteria n. 细菌

12. breed n. 种,品种 v. 繁殖,产仔

13. budget n. 预算 v. 编预算,作安排

14. candidate n. 候选人

15. campus n. 校园

17. transform v. 转变,变革;变换

18. transmit v. 传播,播送;传递

19. transplant v. 移植

20. transport vat. 运输,运送n. 运输,运输工具

21. shift v. 转移;转动;转变

22. vary v. 变化,改变;使多样化

24. swallow v. 吞下,咽下 n. 燕子

27. mild a. 温暖的,暖和的;温柔的,味淡的

28. tender a. 温柔的;脆弱的

30. insignificant a. 无意义的,无足轻重的;无价值的

31. accelerate vt. 加速,促进

32. absolute a. 绝对的,无条件的;完全的

33. boundary n. 分界线,边界

34. brake n. 刹车,制动器 v. 刹住(车)

35. catalog n. 目录(册) v. 编目

36. vague a. 模糊的,不明确的

37. vain n. 徒劳,白费

38. extinct a. 绝灭的,熄灭的

39. extraordinary a. 不平常的,特别的,非凡的

40. extreme a. 极度的,极端的 n. 极端,过分

41. agent n. 代理人,代理商;动因,原因

42. alcohol n. 含酒精的饮料,酒精

43. appeal n. /vi. 呼吁,恳求

44. appreciate vt. 重视,赏识,欣赏

45. approve v. 赞成,同意,批准

46. stimulate vt. 刺激,激励

47. acquire vt. 取得,获得;学到

48. accomplish vt . 完成,到达;实行

49. network n. 网状物;广播网,电视网;网络

50. tide n. 潮汐;潮流

51. tidy a. 整洁的,整齐的

52. trace vt. 追踪,找到 n. 痕迹,踪迹

54. wander vi. 漫游,闲逛

56. weave v. 织,编

57. preserve v. 保护,保存,保持,维持

61. abuse v. 滥用,虐待;谩骂

62. academic a. 学术的;高等院校的;研究院的

63. academy n. (高等)专科院校;学会

64. battery n. 电池(组)

65. barrier n. 障碍;棚栏

66. cargo n. (船、飞机等装载的)货物

67. career n. 生涯,职业

70. oblige v. 迫使,责成;使感激

72. extent n. 程度,范围,大小,限度

73. exterior n. 外部,外表 a. 外部的,外表的

74. external a. 外部的,外表的,外面的

77. delay vt. /n. 推迟,延误,耽搁

78. decay vi. 腐烂,腐朽(记:近义词“rotten”)

79. decent a. 像样的,体面的

80. route n. 路;路线;航线

81. ruin v. 毁坏,破坏 n. 毁灭,[pl. ]废墟ruins

82. sake n. 缘故,理由

83. satellite n. 卫星

84. scale n. 大小,规模;等级;刻度

85. temple n. 庙宇

86. tedious a. 乏味道,单调的,

87. tend vi. 易于,趋向

88. tendency n. 趋向,趋势

89. ultimate a. 极端的,最大的,最终的 n. 极端

90. undergo v. 经历,遭受

91. abundant a. 丰富的,充裕的,大量的

92. adopt v. 收养;采用;采纳

93. adapt vi. 适应,适合;改编,改写 vt. 使适应

94. bachelor n. 学士,学士学位;单身汉

95. casual a. 偶然的,碰巧的;临时的;非正式的

96. trap n. 陷阱,圈套 v. 设陷阱捕捉

97. vacant a. 空的,未占用的

99. oral a. 口头的,口述的,口的

101. organ n. 器官,风琴

104. expend v. 消费

105. expenditure n. 支出,消费;经费

106. expense n. 开销,费用

107. expensive a. 花钱多的;价格高贵的

108. expand v. 扩大,扩张;展开,膨胀

109. expansion n. 扩大,扩充;发展,膨胀

110. private a. 私人的,个人的

111. individual a. 个别的,单独的 n. 个人,个体 112. personal a. 个人的,私人的;亲自的

119. grant vt. 授予,同意,准予

119. grand a. 宏伟大,壮丽的,重大的

121. acid n. 酸,酸性物质 a. 酸的;尖刻的

122. acknowledge v. 承认;致谢

123. balcony n. 阳台

124. calculate vt. 计算,核算

125. calendar n. 日历,月历

126. optimistic a. 乐观

127. optional a. 可以任选的,非强制的

128. outstanding a. 杰出的,突出的,显著的 129. export n. 出口(物) v. 出口,输出

130. import n. 进口(物) v. 进口,输入

131. impose vt. 把. . . 加强(on);采用,利用 132. religion n. 宗教,宗教信仰

133. religious a. 宗教的

134. victim n. 牺牲品,受害者

135. video n. 电视,视频 a. 电视的,录像的

136. videotape n. 录像磁带 v. 把. . . 录在录像带上 137. offend v. 冒犯,触犯

138. bother v. 打搅,麻烦

140. internal a. 内部的,国内的

141. beforehand ad. 预先,事先

142. racial a. 人种的种族的

143. radiation n. 放射物,辐射

144. radical a. 根本的;激进的

145. range n. 幅度,范围 v. (在某范围内)变动

146. wonder n. 惊奇,奇迹 v. 想知道,对. . . 感到疑惑 147. isolate vt. 使隔离,使孤立

148. issue n. 问题,争论点;发行,(报刊)一期 149. hollow a. 空的,中空的,空虚道

150. hook n. 钩 vt. 钩住

151. adequate a. 适当地;足够

152. adhere vi. 粘附,附着;遵守,坚持

153. ban vt. 取缔,禁止

154. capture vt. 俘虏,捕获

155. valid a. 有效的,有根据的;正当的

156. valley n. 山谷,峡谷

157. consistent a. 坚固定;一致的,始终如一的 158. continuous a. 继续的,连续(不断)的 159. continual a. 不断地,频繁的

160. explode v. 爆炸;爆发;激增

162. explore v. 勘探

163. explosion n. 爆炸;爆发;激增

164. explosive a. 爆炸的;极易引起争论的 165. remote a. 遥远的,偏僻的

166. removal n. 除去,消除

167. render vt. 使得,致使

169. idle a. 懒散的,无所事事的

170. identify vt. 认出,鉴定

171. identify n. 身份;个性,特性

172. poverty n. 贫穷

173. resistant a. (to) 抵抗的,抗. . . 的,耐. . . 174. resolve vt. 解决;决定,决意

175. barrel n. 桶

176. bargain n. 便宜货 vi. 讨价还价

178. coach n. 教练;长途公共汽车 179. code n. 准则,法规,密码

180. coil n. 线圈 v. 卷,盘绕

181. adult n. 成年人

182. advertise v. 为. . . 做广告

183. advertisement n. 广告

184. agency n. 代理商,经销商

185. focus v. (使)聚集 n. 焦点,中心,聚焦 186. forbid vt. 不许,禁止

187. debate n. /v. 辩论,争论

188. debt n. 欠债

189. decade n. 十年

190. enclose vt. 围住;把. . . 装入信封 191. encounter vt. /n. 遭遇,遭到 192. globe n. 地球,世界;地球仪 193. global a. 全球的;总的

194. scan vt. 细看;扫描;浏览

195. scandal n. 丑事,丑闻

196. significance n. 意义;重要性 197. subsequent a. 随后的,后来的

199. virtual a. 实际上的,事实上的

201.portion n.一部分

202.target n.目标,靶子vt.瞄准 203.portable a.手提式的

204.decline v.拒绝,谢绝;下降

208.emphasizev t.强调,着重 209.emotion n.情感,感情

210.emotional a.感情的,情绪(上)的 211.awful a.极坏的,威严的,可怕的 212.awkward a.笨拙的,棘手的 213.clue n.线索,提示

214.collision n.碰撞,冲突

215.device n.装置,设备

216.devisev t.发明,策划,想出 217.inevitable a.不可避免的

218.naval a.海军的

220.necessity n.必需品;必要性 221.previous a.先,前,以前的

223.pursue vt.追逐;追求;从事,进行

224.stale a.不新鲜的,陈腐的

225.substitute n.代用品vt.代替

226.deserve vt.应受,应得,值得

228.professional a.职业的,专门的

229.secure a.安全的,可靠的

230.security n.安全,保障

231.scratch v./n.抓,搔,扒

232.talent n.才能,天资;人才

233.insurance n.保险,保险费

234.insure vt.给...保险,保证,确保

235.nevertheless ad.仍然,然而,不过

236.neutral a.中立的,中性的

237.spot n.地点;斑点vt.认出,发现;玷污

238.spray v.喷,(使)溅散

239.medium a.中等的,适中的n.媒介物,新闻媒介 240.media n.新闻传媒

242.automatic a.自动的

243.compete vi.竞争,比赛

244.competent a.有能力的,能胜任的

245.competition n.竞争,比赛

246.distribute vt.分发

247.disturb vt.打搅,妨碍

248.infer v.推论,推断

249.integrate v.(into,with)(使)成为一体,(使)合并

251.moisture n.潮湿

252.promote vt.促进;提升

253.region n.地区;范围;幅度

254.register v./n.登记,注册

255.stable a.稳定的

256.sophisticated a.老于世故的,老练的;很复杂的 257.splendid a.极好的,壮丽的,辉煌的

258.cancel vt.取消,废除

259.variable a.易变的,可变的

260.prospect n.前景,前途;景象

261.prosperity n.兴旺,繁荣

262.aspect n.方面;朝向;面貌

263.cope vi.(with)(成功地)应付,处理

264.core n.果心,核心

265.maintain vt.维持,保持;坚持,主张

266.mainland n.大陆

267.discipline n.纪律;惩罚;学科

268.domestic a.本国的,国内的;家用的;家庭的 269.constant a.不变的,恒定的n.常数

270.cliff n.悬崖,峭壁

271.authority n.权威;当局

272.audio a.听觉

273.attitude n.态度

274.community n.社区,社会

275.commit vt.犯(错误,罪行等),干(坏事等) 276.comment n./vt.评论

277.distinguish vt.区分,辨别

278.distress n.痛苦,悲伤vt.使痛苦

279.facility n.[pl.]设备,设施;便利,方便

281.mixture n.混合,混合物

282.mood n.心情,情绪;语气

283.moral a.道德上的,有道德的

284.prominent a.突出的

285.substance n.物质;实质

286.substantial a.可观的;牢固的;实质的

287.prompt vt.促使a.敏捷的,及时的

288.vivid a.生动的

289.vocabulary n.词汇(量);词汇表

290.venture n.风险投资,风险项目v.冒险;取于 291.version n.版本,译本;说法

292.waist n.腰,腰部

293.weld v./n.焊接

294.yawn vi.打哈欠

295.yield vi.(to)屈服于;让出,放弃n.产量

296.zone n.地区,区域

297.strategy n.战略,策略

298.strategic a.战略(上)的,关键的

299.tense a.紧张的v.拉紧n.时态

300.tension n.紧张(状态),张力

301.avenue n.林荫道,大街

302.available a.现成可用的;可得到的

303.comparable a.(with,to)可比较的,类似的 304.comparative a.比较的,相对的

305.dash vi.猛冲,飞奔

306.data n.数据,资料

307.dive vi.跳水,潜水

308.diverse a.不同的,多种多样的

309.entitle vt.给...权利,给...资格

310.regulate vt.管理,调节

311.release vt./n.释放,排放;解释解脱

312.exaggerate v.夸大,夸张

313.evil a.邪恶的,坏的

314.shrink vi.起皱,收缩;退缩

315.subtract v.减(去)

316.suburb n.市郊

317.subway n.地铁

318.survey n./vt.调查,勘测

319.wealthy a.富裕的

320.adjust v.调整,调节

321.attach vt.系,贴;使附属

322.profit n.利润,益处;v.有益于,有利于 323.profitable a.有利可图的

324.slope n.斜坡,斜面

325.reinforce vt.增强,加强

326.reject vt.拒绝

327.fatal a.致命的;重大的

328.fate n.命运

329.humble a.谦逊的;谦虚的

330.illegal a.不合法的,非法的

331.award vt.授予,判给n.奖品,奖金

332.aware a.意识到

333.column n.柱,圆柱;栏,专栏

334.comedy n.喜剧

335.dumb a.哑的;沉默的

336.dump vt.倾卸,倾倒

337.deaf a.聋的;不愿听的

338.decorate vt.装饰,装璜

339.principal a.最重要的n.负责人,校长

340.principle n.原则,原理

341.prior a.优先的,在前的

342.priority n.优先,重点

343.prohibit vt.禁止,不准

344.remarkable a.值得注意的,异常的,非凡的 345.remedy n./vt.补救,医治,治疗

346.repetition n.重复,反复

347.vain a.徒劳的,无效的

348.undertakev t.承担,着手做;同意,答应 349.unique a.唯一的,独特的

350.obstacle n.障碍(物),妨碍

351.odd a.奇特的,古怪的;奇数的

352.omit vt.省略

353.opponent n.敌手,对手

354.opportunity n.机会,时机

355.orchestra n.管弦乐队

356.semester n.学期;半年

357.semiconductor n.半导体

358.seminar n.研讨会

359.terminal a.末端的,极限的n.终点

360.territory n.领土

361.approximate a.大概的,大约v.近似

362.arbitrary a.随意的,未断的

363.architect n.建筑师

364.architecture n.建筑学

365.biology n.生物学

366.geography n.地理(学)

367.geology n.地质学

368.geometry n.几何(学)

369.arithmetic n.算术

370.algebra n.代数

371.entertainment n.娱乐;招待,款待

372.enthusiasm n.热情,热心

373.entry n.进入,入口处;参赛的人(或物) 374.environment n.环境

375.episode n.插曲,片段

376.equation n.方程(式)

377.restrain vt.阻止,抑制

378.restraint n.抑制,限制

379.resume v.(中断后)重新开始

380.severe a.严重的

381.sexual a.性的

382.simplicity n.简单;朴素

383.simplify vt.简化

384.sorrow n.悲哀,悲痛

385.stuff n.原料,材料vt.填进,塞满

386.temporary a.暂时的,临时的

387.temptation n.诱惑,引诱

388.terror n.恐怖

389.thrust v.挤,推,插

390.treaty n.条约,协定

391.arise vi.产生,出现,发生;起身

392.arouse vt.引起,激起;唤醒

393.burden n.重担,负荷

394.bureau n.局,办事处

395.marvelous a.奇迹般的,惊人的

396.massive a.大的,大量的,大块的

397.mature a.成熟的

398.maximum a.最高的,最大的

399.minimum a.最低的,最小的

400.nonsense n.胡说,冒失的行动

401.notion n.概念,观念

402. nucleus n. 核

403. retail n. /v. /ad. 零售

404. retain vt. 保留,保持

405. restrict vt. 限制,约束

406. sponsor n. 发起者,主办者 vt. 发起,主办,资助407. spur n. /vt. 刺激,激励

408. triumph n. 胜利,成功

409. tuition n. 学费

410. twist vt. 使缠绕;转动;扭歪

411. undergraduate n. 大学肄业生

412. universal a. 普遍的,通用的;宇宙的

413. universe n. 宇宙

414. via prep. 经由,经过,通过

415. vibrate v. 振动,摇摆

416. virus n. 病毒

417. voluntary a. 自愿的

418. volunteer n. 志愿者 v. 自愿(做)

419. vote v. 选举 n. 选票

420. wagon n. 四轮马车,铁路货车 421. appoint vt. 任命,委派

422. approach v. 靠近,接近 n. 途径,方式 423. appropriate a. 适当的

424. bunch n. 群,伙;束,串

425. bundle n. 捆,包,束 vt. 收集,归拢426. ceremony n. 典礼,仪式

427. chaos n. 混乱,紊乱

428. discount n. (价格)折扣

429. display n. /vt. 陈列,展览

430. equivalent a. 相等的 a. 相等物 431. erect a. 竖直的 v. 建造,竖立 432. fax n. /vt. 传真

433. fertile a. 肥沃的;多产的

434. fertilizer n. 肥料

435. grateful a. 感激的

436. gratitude n. 感激

437. horror n. 恐怖

438. horrible a. 可怕的

439. Internet n. 国际互联网,因特网440. interpret v. 翻译,解释

441. interpretation n. 解释,说明

442. jungle n. 丛林,密林

443. knot n. 结 vt. 把. . . 打成结

444. leak v. 漏,渗出

445. lean vi. 倾斜,倚,靠

446. leap vi. 跳跃

447. modify vt. 修改

448. nylon n. 尼龙

449. onion n. 洋葱

450. powder n. 粉末451. applicable a. 可应用的,适当的452. applicant n. 申请人

453. breadth n. 宽度

454. conservation n. 保存,保护

455. conservative a. 保守的

456. parallel n. 平行线;可相比拟的事物

457. passion n. 激情,热情

458. passive a. 被动的,消极的

459. pat v. /n. 轻拍,轻打

460. peak n. 山峰,顶点

461. phenomenon n. 现象

462. reluctant a. 不情愿的,勉强的

463. rely vi. (on ,upon)依赖,指望

464. relevant a. 有关的,切题的

465. reliable a. 可靠的

466. relief n. 轻松,宽慰;减轻

467. reputation n. 名气,声誉

468. rescue vt. /n. 营救

469. triangle n. 三角(形)

470. sequence n. 连续;顺序

471. shallow a. 浅的

472. shiver vi/n. 发抖

473. shrug v. /n. 耸肩

474. signature n. 签名

475. sincere a. 诚挚的,真诚的

476. utility n. 功用,效用

477. utilize vt. 利用

478. utter vt. 说出 a. 完全的,彻底的

479. variation n. 变化,变动

480. vehicle n. 交通工具,车辆

481. applause n. 鼓掌,掌声

482. appliance n. 器具,器械

483. consent n. 准许,同意 vi (to) 准许,同意484. conquer vt. 征服

485. defect n. 缺点,缺陷

486. delicate a. 易碎的;娇弱的;精美的

487. evolve v. 演变

488. evolution n. 演变,进化

489. frown v. /n. 皱眉

490. frustrate vt. 使沮丧

491. guarantee vt. /n. 保证

492. guilty a. 内疚的;有罪的

493. jealous a. 妒忌的

494. jeans n. 牛仔裤

495. liquor n. 酒,烈性酒

496. liter/litre n. 升

497. modest a. 谦虚道

498. molecule n. 分子

499. orbit n. 轨道 v. (绕. . . )作轨道运行

500. participate v. (in) 参与,参加501. particle n. 502. particularly ad. 特别,尤其

503. respond vi. 回答,答复;反应

504. response n. 回答,答复;反应

505. sensible a. 明智的

506. sensitive a. 敏感到,灵敏的

507. tremble vi. 颤抖

508. tremendous a. 巨大的;精彩的

509. trend n. 趋向,倾向 微粒

510. trial n. 审讯;试验

511. apparent a. 显然的,明白的

512. appetite n. 胃口;欲望

513. deposit n. 存款,定金 v. 存放,储蓄

514. deputy n. 副职,代表

515. derive vt. 取得,得到;(from)起源于

516. descend v. 下来,下降

517. missile n. 导弹

518. mission n. 使命;代表团

519. mist n. 薄雾

520. noticeable a. 显而易见到

521. notify vt. 通知,告知

522. notion n. 概念;意图,想法

523. resemble vt. 像,类似于

524. reveal vt. 揭露

525. revenue n. 收入,岁入;税收

526. shelter n. 掩蔽处;住所

527. shield n. 防护物,盾 vt. 保护,防护

528. vital a. 重要的;致命的,生命的

529. vitally ad. 极度,非常;致命地

530. urban a. 城市的

531. urge vt. 鼓励,激励

532. urgent a. 急迫的,紧急得

533. usage n. 使用,用法

534. violence n. 强力,暴力

535. violent a. 强暴的

536. violet a. 紫色的

537. weed n. 杂草,野草

538. welfare n. 福利

539. whatsoever ad. (用于否定句)任何

540. whereas conj. 然而,但是,尽管

541. essential a. 必不可少的;本质的

542. estimate n. /vt. 估计,估量

543. evaluate vt. 评估,评价

544. exceed vt. 超过,越出

545. exceedingly ad. 非常,极其

546. exclaim v. 呼喊,大声说

547. exclude vt. 把. . . 排斥在外,不包括

548. exclusive a. 读有的,排他的

549. excursion n. 远足

550. flash vi. 闪光,闪耀551. flee vi. 逃走

552. flexible a. 易弯曲的

553. flock n. 羊群,(鸟兽等)一群;一伙人

554. hardware n. 五金器具

555. harmony n. 和谐,融洽

556. haste n. 急速,急忙

557. hatred n. 憎恶,憎恨

558. incident n. 事件,事变

559. index n. 索引,标志

560. infant n. 婴儿

561. infect v. 传染

562. inferior a. 劣等的,次的,下级的

563. infinite a. 无限的

564. ingredient n. 组成部分

565. inhabitant n. 居民

566. jail n. 监狱

567. jam n. 果酱;拥挤,堵塞

568. jewel n. 宝石

569. joint a. 连接的;共同的

570. junior a. 年少的;资历较浅的

571. laser n. 激光

572. launch vt. 发动,发起

573. luxury n. 奢侈; 奢侈品

574. magnet n. 磁铁,磁体

575. male a. 男性的,雄的

576. female a. 女性的,雌的

577. manual a. 用手的,手工做的 n. 手册

578. manufacture vt. /n. 制造,加工

579. marine a. 海的;海产的

580. mutual a. 相互的

581. naked a. 裸露的

582. negative a. 否定的,消极的

583. neglect vt. 忽视,忽略

584. origin n. 起源,出身

585. oval a. 椭圆形的 n. 椭圆形

586. outset n. 开始,开端

587. presumably ad. 大概,可能

588. prevail vi. 流行,盛行

589. quit v. 停止

590. quotation n. 引文,引语

591. recreation n. 娱乐活动

592. recruit vt. 招募,吸收(新成员)

593. rival n. 竞争对手,敌手

594. shuttle n. 梭子; 航天飞机

595. skim vt. 搬(去),掠过;浏览

596. sketch n. 草图;梗概

597. slender a. 苗条的,修长的

598. theme n. 主题

599. textile n. 纺织品

600. tropical a. 热情的,炎热的601. kneel vi. 跪 602. label n. 标签

603. merchant n. 商人

604. mere a. 仅仅的,只不过的;纯粹的

605. nuisance n. 令人讨厌的东西(或人)

606. numerous a. 众多的,许多的

607. parade n. 游行 v. 列队行进

608. pants [pl. ] n. 长裤;内裤

609. partial a. 部分的

610. passport n. 护照

611. prescribe vt. 开药,吩咐采用. . . 疗法

612. primitive a. 原始的,早期的

613. ridge n. 脊,山脊,埂

614. ridiculous a. 可笑的,荒漠的

615. redid a. 严格的;僵硬的

616. withstand vt. 经受,承受

617. witness n. 目击者;证据 vt. 注意到;证明 618. withdraw v. 收回,撤销

619. slippery a. 滑的

620. smash vt. 粉碎,打烂

621. snap n. /vt. 折断,拉断;快照

622. software n. 软件

623. solar a. 太阳的

624. lunar a. 月的,月球的

625. submerge vi. 潜入水中

626. submit vi. (to)屈服,听从

627. timber n. 木材,原木

628. tissue n. 组织;薄纱,手巾纸

629. title n. 题目,标题

630. tone n. 语气,音调

631. drift vi. 漂,漂流

632. drip n. 滴

633. durable a. 耐用的,持久的

634. duration n. 持续,持续期间

635. dusk n. 黄昏,薄暮

636. leather n. 皮革

637. legislation n. 法律,法规;立法

638. leisure n. 闲暇;悠闲

639. loose a. 松的,宽松的

640. loosen v. 解开,放松

641. tannest a. 认真的,诚挚的

642. earthquake n. 地震

643. echo n. 回音,回声

644. elaborate a. 精心设计的,复杂的

645. elastic n. 橡皮圈(带) a. 有弹性的

646. elbow n. 肘

647. electron n. 电子

648. volcano n. 火山

649. volume n. 卷,册;体积,容量

650. fatigue n. 疲劳,劳累651. faulty a. 有错误的,有缺点的

652. favorable a. 称赞道;有利的,顺利的

653. favorite a. 特别受喜欢的 n. 喜爱的人或物 654. gallery n. 画廊

655. gallon n. 加仑

656. gap n. 间隔,差距

657. garbage n. 垃圾,废物

658. gaze v. 凝视,注视

659. gear n. 齿轮,传动装置

660. gene n. 基因

661. lest conj. 唯恐,免得

662. liable a. 可能的,大概的; (to) 易于. . . 663. liberal a. 自由得

664. liberty n. 自由

665. license/license n. 许可证,执照

666. moisture n. 潮湿

667. motivate vt. 激励,激发

668. motive n. 动机,目的

669. generate vt. 生成,产生(光、热、电等)

670. genius n. 天才,天赋

671. genuine a. 真的,真诚的

672. gasoline n. 汽油

673. germ n. 微生物,细菌

674. gesture n. 姿势,手势

675. giant a. 巨大的 n. 巨人,巨物

676. glimpse n. 一瞥,一看

677. glory n. 光荣,荣誉

678. glorious n. 光荣的,极好的

679. golf n. 高尔夫球运动

680. hydrogen n. 氢

681. oxygen n. 氧

682. hostile a. 敌对的,敌意大

683. household n. 家庭,户

684. hook n. 钩

685. holy a. 神圣地,圣洁的

686. hint n. 暗示,示意

687. hesitate v. 犹豫

688. highlight vt. 强调,突出

689. hence ad. 因此,所以;今后,从此

690. herd n. 兽群,牧群

691. deliberately adv. 故意的

692. attraction n. 吸引,吸引力

693. destructive adj. 破坏性的

694. starvation n. 饥饿,饿死

695. exhaustion n. 竭力,疲惫

696. strike n. 罢工 v. 打击,罢工

697. strength n. 力量,力气

698. await vt. 等候

699. deportation n. 放逐

1.经济的快速发展 the rapid development of economy

2.人民生活水平的显著提高/ 稳步增长

the remarkable steady growth of people’s living standard

3.先进的科学技术 advanced science and technology

4.面临新的机遇和挑战 be faced with new opportunities and challenges

5.人们普遍认为 It is commonly believed/ recognized that…

6.社会发展的必然结果 the inevitable result of social

development

7.引起了广泛的公众关注 arouse wide public concern

8. 有争议性的问题 a controversial issue

9.完全不同的观点 a totally different argument

10一些人 …而另外一些人 … Some people… while others…

12. 就我而言/ 就个人而言 As far as I am concerned, /

Personally,

13发挥着日益重要的作用 play an increasingly important role in…

14.对…必不可少 be indispensable to …

15.…也不例外 …be no exception

16.对…产生有利/不利的影响 exert positive/ negative effects on…

17.导致,引起 lead to/ give rise to/ contribute to/ result in

18.复杂的社会现象 a complicated social phenomenon

19.责任感 / 成就感 sense of responsibility/ sense of

achievement

20. 竞争与合作精神 sense of competition and cooperation

21. 开阔眼界 widen one’s horizon/ broaden one’s vision

22.学习知识和技能 acquire knowledge and skills

23.经济/心理负担 financial burden / psychological burden

24.考虑到诸多因素 take many factors into account/

consideration

25. 从另一个角度 from another perspective

26.做出共同努力 make joint efforts

27. 对…有益 be beneficial / conducive to…

28.为社会做贡献 make contributions to the society

29.打下坚实的基础 lay a solid foundation for…

30.综合素质 comprehensive quality

31.无可非议 blameless / beyond reproach

32.不可推卸的义务 unshakable duty

33.宝贵的自然资源 valuable natural resources

34.方便快捷 convenient and efficient

35.在人类生活的方方面面 in all aspects of human life

36.环保(的) environmental protection

37.社会进步的体现 a symbol of society progress

38.科技的飞速更新 the ever-accelerated updating of science and technology

39.对这一问题持有不同态度 hold different attitudes towards this issue

40. 理论和实践相结合 integrate theory with practice

41.日益激烈的社会竞争 the increasingly fierce social

competition

42.取其精髓,取其糟粕 Take the essence and discard the dregs。

43.对…有害 do harm to / be harmful to

44.交流思想/ 情感/ 信息 exchange ideas/ emotions/

information

45.跟上…的最新发展catch up with the latest development of …

46.采取有效措施来… take effective measures to do sth

47.…的健康发展 the healthy development of …

48.有利有弊 Every coin has its two sides。]

49.重视 attach great importance to…

50.社会地位 social status

51.把时间和精力放在…上 focus time and energy on…

52.扩大知识面 expand one’s scope of knowledge

53.身心两方面 both physically and mentally

54.缓解压力/ 减轻负担 relieve stress/ burden

55.优先考虑/发展… give (top) priority to sth。

56.与…比较 compared with…

57. 相反 in contrast / on the contrary。

58.代替 replace/ substitute / take the place of

59.提供就业机会 offer job opportunities

60. 社会进步的反映 mirror of social progress

61.毫无疑问 Undoubtedly, / There is no doubt that…

62.增进相互了解 enhance/ promote mutual understanding

63.充分利用 make full use of / take advantage of 1. 关于……人们有不同的观点。一些人认为…… There are different opinions among people as to ____ .Some people suggest that ____.

2. 现在,……,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,……;其次,……。更为糟糕的是……。 Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, ____ Second,____. What makes things worse is that______.

3. 现在,……很普遍,许多人喜欢……,因为……,另外(而且)……。

Nowadays,it is common to ______. Many people like ______ because ______. Besides,______.

4. 任何事物都是有两面性,……也不例外。它既有有利的一面,也有不利的一面。

Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has both advantages and disadvantages.

5. 关于……人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)……,在他们看来,……

People’s opinions about ______ vary from person to person. Some people say that ______.To them,_____.

6. 人类正面临着一个严重的问题……,这个问题变得越来越严重。

Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and more serious.

7. ……在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题

______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.

8. 根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看出……。很显然……,但是为什么呢?

According to the

figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar

graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______ while. Obviously,______,but why?

1. 相反,有一些人赞成……,他们相信……,而且,他们认为……。

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___.At the same time,they say____.

2. 但是,我认为这不是解决……的好方法,比如……。最糟糕的是……。

But I don

3. ……对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,(也是)非常重要的。首先,……。而且……,最重要的是……

______is necessary and important to our country

4. 面临……,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来……。一方面……,另一方面,

Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective measures to______. For one thing,______For

another,______

5. 早就应该拿出行动了。比如说……,另外……。所有这些方法肯定会……。

It is high time that something was done about it. For example. _____.In addition. _____.All these measures will certainly______.

6. 然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,……也有它的不利的一面,象……。

However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides, ______also has its own disadvantages, such as ______.

7. 完全同意……这种观点(陈述),主要理由如下: I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______.

1. 至于我,在某种程度上我同意后面的观点,我认为……

As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent. I think that ____

2. 总而言之,整个社会应该密切关注……这个问题。只有这样,我们才能在将来……。

In a word, the whole society should pay close

attention to the problem of ______.Only in this way can ______in the future.

3. 就我个人而言,我相信……,因此,我坚信美好的未来正等着我们。因为……

Personally, I believe that_____. Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because______.

4. 随着社会的发展,……。因此,迫切需要……。如果每个人都愿为社会贡献自已的一份力量,这个社会将要变得越来越好。

With the development of society, ______.So it

6. 至于我(对我来说,就我而言),我认为……更合理。只有这样,我们才能……

For my part, I think it reasonable to_____. Only in this way can you _____.

7. 对我来说,我认为有必要……。原因如下:第一,……; 第二,……;最后……但同样重要的是…… In my opinion, I think it necessary to____. The

reasons are as follows. First _____.Second ______. Last but not least,______.

8. 在总体上很难说……是好还是坏,因为它在很大程度上取决于……的形势。然而,就我个人而言,我发现……。

It is difficult to say whether _____is good or not in general as it depends very much on the situation of______. However, from a personal point of view find______.

9. 综上所述,我们可以清楚地得出结论……

From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that____.

10. 如果我们不采取有效的方法,就可能控制不了这种趋势,就会出现一些意想不到的不良后果,所以,我们应该做的是……

If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do is_____.

英语十六种主动态的名称、用法及谓语一览表

英语十种被动语态的名称、用法及谓语一览表

2、被动语态的十种谓语中均含有:be done。

3、主动语态和被动语态的名称完全相同,而且均有相对应的关系。比如:现

在与过去。

一、 志愿者活动

1、越来越多的人从事志愿者工作

2、志愿者工作的社会意义

3、作为大学生,应该怎么做

In recent years, the volunteering spirit has spread among the Chinese people,especially among youngsters. According to a survey, in 2008, there were about 1,700,000 volunteers who offered service for Olympic Games. Actually, an increasing number of people become volunteers every year in China.

Volunteering actions are of tremendous benefits toboth those in need and the society. Olympic Games are a good example. As is known to all, volunteers played an active role in Beijing Olympic Games. Without them, it would be a

tough task to hold this un-precedent Olympic Games. Therefore, we can say that it was those volunteers who ensured the success of these games.

As modern college students, we should get actively involved in volunteering activities. By participating, we can learn how to work well in a team, how to improve our interpersonal skills and organizational ability. Undoubtedly, all of these are critical for our person growth. So, we should take this chance to learn and to grow.

二、 培训学校

1、当前,社会上有很多私立学校和培训学校;

2、私立学校的利与弊

3、你的看法

It can be noticed that a large number of private schools or training organizations become a new landscape in education. When you read newspapers, when you watch TV, when you walk on the road, you will inevitably see lots of advertisements about private schools. There are private schools mainly dealing with foreign languages, computers, music and sports.

However, is it a good or bad thing to have so many private

schools? As a coin has two sides, so are the private schools. On the one hand, private schools can meet the special needs of the society or the particular requirements of people. On the other hand, they often bring people extra burden because of comparison and competition.

When asked to decide whether we should have a society without private schools or a society with private schools, I will not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter. Although attending a training course will result in the extra cost or burden, it is of tremendous merits in preparing my work and cultivating my skills.

三、明星代言 Celebrities as the products’ spokesmen

1、明星代言现象很普遍。

2、明星代言广告存在一些问题。

3、我的看法。

In the contemporary society, it is very common for celebrities, or the so-called superstars, to be spokesmen or representatives for a wide variety of products. Celebrities’ advertisements can be easily found on the Internet, televisions, newspapers, magazines and even on the walls of some building. There are, however, some problemsfor celebrities and the consumers. To begin with, before representing, a star may

know nothing about the product. Thus, consumers may be misled. Even worse, for the sake of money, some stars advertise for items with low quality, even for fake commodities. In the case of Sanlu, the public image of stars involved was spoiled. Last but not least, the high income of advertising does not deserve their labor, which widens the gap between the poor and the rich.

From my point of view, it is high time that measures were taken to eliminate the demerits. Firstly, laws should be worked out to regulate celebrities’ advertising. Secondly, stars should be required to tell the truth to the public. Only by doing so can stars be trusted by their fans and can consumers benefit.

四、如何选择就业

1、职业的选择很重要

2、如何明智的选择自己的职业

3、你的职业选择。

Every individual faces the problem of choosing an occupation after graduating from university, which is of great importance in one’s whole life. An appropriate occupation makes a man work with vigor and zest. Besides, it is beneficial for both the individual and the country.

To make an advisable choice, a graduate should take into account at least two aspects, namely, individual’ interest and the demand of the society. Only when the two aspects are connected, can a man show his ability and talent to the best advantage. If the two factors conflict, the former, in most cases, should give way to the latter, for it is interests that stimulate one’s vigor and potential.

In regard to my choice in the future, I want to work as an interpreter. I am keen on learning foreign languages, English in particular. Moreover, in the contemporary society, international exchange in economy and culture has been growing significantly. However, competent interpreters are far from enough. So I am determined to be a qualified interpreter. 2011年12月英语四级作文预测-“占座” Reserving a Seat

1) 很多大学里“占座”现象十分普遍

2)这种现象会带来哪些影响

3)你对此的看法

We often see there is a table cloth, a book or something else on the desk in the classroom or library, indicating the seat is taken. This kind of phenomenon is very usual in almost all colleges and universities. Strangely enough, most of students seem to take this for granted, and few will protest it.

Though most of students’ taking seats in advance is for better study, this kind of phenomenon has great negative effects. On the one hand, it is a selfish behavior, which damages other students’ interests. Sometimes even if many students come to the classroom very early, they can not find a seat. On the other hand, reserving a seat violates the rule of fairness. No matter how late you come to class, the seat is still reserved for you even though many others are eager for that seat.

Considering the above-mentioned, I think, it is high time that we college students took a good look of our behavior. Indeed, only if all of us can improve our consciousness, it is not a difficult task for us to get rid of this kind of phenomenon “reserving a seat”.

2011年12月英语四级作文预测-校园音乐商业化 Commercialization of Campus Music

1)近年来校园音乐逐渐走向商业化,由企业发起主办的大学生音乐节、校园歌手大赛 层出不穷 2)导致这种现象的原因是什么3)这种现象可能带来的影响

In recent years, campus music has been commercialized gradually. More and more enterprises are interested in being the sponsors of college music festivals or award competitions of campus singers. Campus singers and songs are not confined to college campus any more but being pushed to the market gradually.

The following factors can account for this phenomenon. On the one hand, some enterprises’ paying more attention to campus music is out of their sense of commitment to the society. They want to set healthy

enterprise images before the public. On the other hand, nowadays entertainment marketing is very popular. Enterprises want to utilize entertainment activities to improve their notability and influence. College students, as the focus of the whole society, are a good choice for these enterprises. Of course, these musical activities have brought more chances for campus singers to show their talents to the public. Besides, campus songs have gotten more wide spreading. However, commercialization of campus music to some extent reduces its uniqueness. Induced by fame and wealth, some campus singers try to cater to the tastes of the public and lost their own styles gradually.

Therefore, in order to make campus music develop more healthily, both the sponsors of music activities and our campus singers should pay more attention on music itself but not profits.

2011年12月英语四级作文预测-禁止吸烟 Should Smoking in Public Places be Banned?

1)公共场合是否应该禁止吸烟,说出你的观点

2)论证你的观点

Nowadays many countries in the world have passed laws to ban smoking in public places. Some smokers claim that their rights are infringed if smoking is forbidden in public places. However, most non-smokers regard the ban as good news. As far as I’m concerned,

smoking should be banned in all the public places such as restaurants, theaters and public squares.

On the one hand, smoking is harmful both for smokers themselves and others. It is reported that every year smoking causes millions of death around the world. On the other hand, smoking pollutes the air. Just imagine that you sit in a restaurant full of smoke, how can you enjoy your meal there? Besides, smoking is bad for the elevation of a country’s image in the world..

I believe if smoking is banned in all the public places, most of us will breathe in more fresh and clean air. And the health condition of all the people will be greatly improved.

2011年12月英语四级作文预测-交流方式

1)如今人们之间的交流方式越来越多(如:写信,MSN,手机等),你个人认为面对面交流是否优于这些交流方式 2)论证你的观点

Is Face to Face Communication Better than Other Types of Communication?

Nowadays, with the development of technology, many modern forms of communication, such as phone calls and email, have stepped into our life. Facing with these, the traditional way of communication — face-to-face communication, seems to be left behind the times. But in fact, this is not actually true. For me, noting can parallel with face-to-face

1. alter v. 改变,改动2. burst vi. n. 突然发生,爆裂3. dispose vi.解决;处理(of)4. blast n. 爆炸;气流 vi. 炸,炸掉5. consume v. 消耗,耗尽6. split v. 劈开;割裂…

1. alter v. 改变,改动2. burst vi. n. 突然发生,爆裂3. dispose vi.解决;处理(of)4. blast n. 爆炸;气流 vi. 炸,炸掉5. consume v. 消耗,耗尽6. split v. 劈开;割裂…

1. alter v. 改变,改动2. burst vi. n. 突然发生,爆裂3. dispose vi.解决;处理(of)4. blast n. 爆炸;气流 vi. 炸,炸掉5. consume v. 消耗,耗尽6. split v. 劈开;割裂…

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