英语四级作文万能模板及范文(多种版) 投稿:邵蜞蜟

Argumentation型1) some, others, I 型(1)模版一There is no consensus among the people as to the view of _________ (主题). Some people …

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Argumentation型

1) some, others, I 型

(1)模版一

There is no consensus among the people as to the view of _________ (主题). Some people hold the idea that _______________________ (观点A). A case in point is that _____________________________ (支持观点A的例子). On the other hand, others may have a quite different view. According to them, ______________ (观点B). The most typical example is that __________ (支持观点B的例子).

Weighing the pros and cons of these arguments, I am inclined to agree with the latter.

(2)模版二

___________ (主题) is a common occurrence in our lives. The attitudes toward this issue vary from person to person. Some people tend to ______________ when they are asked _________________ (观点A) because _______________________ (支持观点A的原因). The most typical example is that ______________

______________ (支持观点A的例子).

However, others argue that ________________________ (观点B). They point out that _______________________ (重申观点B) for the reason that _______________ (支持观点B的原因). As far as I am concerned, I will choose to __________________ (你的观点) because this choice fits my personality and my life-long belief.

2) My View 型

(1)模版一

When asked about ______________ (主题), some people hold the idea that _________________________ (观点

A). As far as they are concerned, _________________________ (展开观点A). But I could not agree with them in several points. In my opinion, ______________________________ (观点B). The reasons for my choice are listed as follows.

In the first place, ___________________________ (支持观点B的理由1). In the second place, ______________________________ (支持观点B的理由2). In the third place, _______________________________ (支持观点B的理由3). For the reasons mentioned above, I firmly believe ____________ (重申观点B)._________, we will have a better

future.

(2)模版二

Some people believe that __________________________ (观点A). For instance, they hold the idea that ______________________________ (支持观点A的例子). And it may bring them _____________________________ (A带给他们的好处).

In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing, _____________________________ (我不同意的理由

1). For another, _____________________________ (我不同意的理由2).

As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, I agree to the thought that ______________________________ (重申自己的观点).

3)利弊型

(1)模版一

Nowadays many people prefer __________ (主题) because it plays a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. On the one hand, ________________ (主题的优点1). On the other hand, ___________________ (主题的优点2).

But everything can be divided into two. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvan

tages is that ___________________ (主题的缺点1). To make matters worse, __________________________ (主题的缺点2).

Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects far outweigh its negative aspects. Whatever effects it has, one thing is certain, ________ (主题) itself is neither good nor bad. It is the uses to which it is put that determine its value to our society.

(2)模版二

With the development of science and human civilization, many formerly unimaginable things come into reality. Some of them have positive effects on our life, but some are distasteful. The phenomenon of ___________ (主题现象) is an example of the former / latter one.

There are many factors that may account for it, and the following are the most conspicuous aspects. To start with, __________________ (原因1). Furthermore, ______________________ (原因2). Eventually, ________________________________ (原因3).

Good as ____________ (主题现象) is, it has, unfortunately, its disadvantages. The apparent example is that ______________ (缺点例子1). In addition, _____________________ (缺点例子

2).

On the whole, the phenomenon is one of the results of the progress of the modern society. There is still a long way for us to improve / eliminate __________ (主题现象) and make our life more comfortable.

Recreational Activities

21st century has brought with it an unprecedented variety of recreational activities ranging from traditional outdoor activities such as playing ball games to all kinds of online ones, the latter of which is a great appeal to the young generation. So I’d like to narrow my topic down to online recreational activities.

It goes without saying that various activities brought by modern technology have greatly broadened our horizon and brought much excitement to us. With access to the Internet, you can get to know people from any country in the world and you can talk with them, play games with them --- a temptation very hard to resist, and even see them via web cam. The disadvantage, however, is that anyone who lacks self-control would very easily get lost and become addicted to the online world, which in turn might seriously affect their life, work and interpersonal relationships.

As a college student, I think what really matters is to make better choice and exert more discipline. We’d better take advantage of good online recreational activities to enrich our lives an

d broaden the scope of knowledge. When it comes to those addictive, time-consuming and less meaningful activities, I think to stay away from them is a wise decision.

Recreational Activities

With the development of living standard, people spend more time on various forms of recreational activities. People can do sports, singing karaoke, go dancing, go to the movies, play video games or online games, or surf the Internet.

Recreational activities are good to people’s health, both physically and mentally. Sports and dancing can keep people fit. Singing karaoke, playing video games or online games can satisfy people’s imagination. Surfing the Internet can bring people a lot of information and knowledge.

However, recreational activities might be harmful if people are addicted. Spending too much time on recreational activities will seriously influence people’s normal lives, especially work and study. Therefore, people will benefit from recreational activities only if they take part in them properly.

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30minutes to write a short essay on the picture below. You should start youressay with a brief account of the impactof floods of smart phone apps on their users and then explain the advantages and disadvantages of numerous smart phone

As is depicted in the picture, a woman talks to a man, complaining the floods of apps. What she intends to express includes two points: apps would generate many amazing things; various choices of apps draw the users’ attention so that they ignore the real world.

Let’s put it another way. On one hand, it is convenient for smart phone users to have so many apps. They can surf the Net through apps to do whatever they want: buying things, chatting with their friends, receiving

emails, having video conferences, reading books, and watching films, etc. On the other hand, the side effects caused by apps cannot be undervalued.Firstly, it may lead to message leakage.Secondly, the rubbish files produced by apps may slow down the running speed of smart phones. Thirdly, overuse of smart phones will be harmful for one’s physical and mental health. Smart phone users are engrossed in their screens and are isolated from the outside world, ignoring everything around them.

To conclude,apps should be utilized wisely. When enjoying the enrichment of apps we should stay awake and not be dragged into the virtual world.

听力理解题型解读

听力部分旨在通过听力的方式考查考生对于校园生活,日常交际以及一些科普与历史文化信息获取和判断推理能力,从而测试考生的听力与综合理解能力。听力部分的录音材料均为标准的英音和美音朗读,语速约为每分钟150个单词,属于正常语速。考试时间为35分钟,分值占六级考试总分的35%。共分为三个部分:对话部分,包括短对话和长对话,占分值的15%;短文理解部分,占分值的10%;复合式听写部分,占分值的10%。

(一) 对话部分

短对话与长对话均采用选择题的形式进行考查,短对话共8组,每组为一轮对话和一个

问题,长对话共两段,每段为7-8轮对话,后面有3-4个问题。每个问题后有13秒的答题时间。考试时对话内容和问题均只读一遍。

(二)短文部分

通常由3篇文章组成,每篇240-260个单词,每篇后面有3-4题,共10题。每个问题后也是有13秒的答题时间。考试时短文内容和问题也只读一遍。

(三)复合式听写

主要包括单词听写与句子或从句听写两种考查方式,从不同层面考查了考生的听力理解、文意把握以及词汇速记等综合能力,属于新题型,文章为240-260字,前8个空要求准确填入所缺单词,后三个空格较长,要求考生将所听到的内容用原文或自己的话表达出来。

考试时全文朗读三遍,第一遍朗读时中间没有停顿,要求考生听懂全文大意;第二遍朗读时,在每个空格所在句的后面都有停顿,以便考生可以填写所缺内容;第三遍朗读时没有停顿,目的是供考生校对所填内容。

二、 应试要点与解题技巧

(一)改革后听力理解的要求

听力理解部分测试学生获取口头信息的能力,包括理解主旨大意、重要事实和细节、隐含意义,判断话语的交际能力、说话人的观点、态度等。大学英语六级考试听力理解部分要求考生达到《教学要求》中较高要求,即“能基本听懂英语国家人士的谈话和讲座,能听懂题材熟悉、篇幅较长的国内英语广播或电视节目,语速为每分钟150词左右,能掌握其中大意,抓住要点和相关细节。能听懂外国专家用英语讲授的专业课程。”

(二)听力理解的应试要点

1. 听力理解的考前准备要求

a. 掌握听力考试的一般题材,如:校园生活、人际交往、科技文化以及人物传记等。平时

注意积累一些欧美文化的常识性知识。

b. 就听力考试常考题材准备一定的词汇,词汇是听力理解的基础。词汇的累积如同登上,

要稳步向前,重在坚持不懈。另外,要有目的的记忆,以《教学要求》所涉及的词汇范围为蓝本,以泛记和精记相结合。泛记的词是指在听音时只需辨别词汇本身含义的词;而需精记的词是指那些除了了解词汇本身的含义,还要熟知其用法和搭配的词汇。 c. 熟悉标准的英式与美式发音,基本了解常用词汇在发音上的区别。由于部分考生的个人

偏好,有时厚此薄彼,这点在考前需要调整。

d. 注意听写的训练。有些考生平时会购买大量的听力材料进行训练,做大量的习题,虽然

成绩会有所提高,但是还远达不到预期的目标,究其原因是其复习方法还有待改进。大部分考生购买听力资料之后只会用它来做大量的习题,殊不知这些对话,尤其是短文还是听写的良好素材。听力理解的难点,并非仅仅在于听不懂单词,即使是能够读懂的文章,如果出现较多的弱读或连读,仍然会让考生为难,而听写不仅可以增强我们的瞬时记忆功效,还可以帮助我们适应和熟悉英美发音的连读和弱读,甚至还可以巩固我们的词汇掌握。

e. 注意泛听和精听的结合

文武之道,贵在一张一弛,听力训练也是如此,精听练习适用于那些难度较高,题材具有很强代表性的材料,比如:历年真题,而泛听练习则适用于那些选材广泛,形式多样,内容时尚的素材,比如:英语新闻,各类电视辅导性英语节目。精听的目的在于提高考生的听力理解能力,熟悉考试题型,而泛听的目的在于帮助考生熟悉各类发音,增强词汇的敏感性,了解不同领域更加广泛的词汇表达。

2. 听力理解的考试技巧

听力部分考试技巧有个十六字决:看题猜题 一马当前 不识既过 无字亦书。具体的意思就是:

在听力录音开始前,先将题目快速浏览一遍,在浏览的过程中不仅要对即将播出的听力素材的内容有个初步判断,同时还必须学会“猜题”。

听力考试时碰到听不懂的词句,切不可纠缠其中,这样很容易影响后面的答题效果。对于新增长对话部分和短文理解部分,其信息量远远大于考生可以瞬时记忆的能力范畴,因此,有效的做笔记也是解题的一个关键,做笔记时可以采用一些简单明了的方法来节省时间,例如:

∵ because ∴ therefore

√ true/correct × wrong/false

? not sure/question

或者采用单词的几个字母缩写来代表整个单词。

另外要听清楚提问问题所在,考生在浏览选项进行推测判断时切不可忽略听力中所提的问题,免得虽听懂了原文的内容,却因没有注意细节内容,仍选择错误。

对于听力中没有记录,没有听清以及似是而非的题目,不要放弃,要学会从出题者的角度来选择答案。心理上要放轻松,树立自己的自信心。

听力理解的考试技巧具体到不同的部分既有区别也有共性,本书后面会按照不同的题型,分别加以论述。

1. 随着经济的繁荣 with the booming of the economy 2. 随着人民生活水平的显著提高 with the remarkable improvement of people's living standard 3. 先进的科学技术 advanced science and technology

4. 为我们日常生活增添了情趣 add much spice / flavor to our daily life

5. 人们普遍认为 It is commonly believed that…

6. 我同意前者(后者)观点 I give my vote to the former / latter opinion.

7. 引起了广泛的公众关注 Sth. has aroused wide public concern. / Sth has drawn great public attention.

8. 不可否认 It is undeniable that…

9. 热烈的讨论/ 争论 a heated discussion / debate

10. 有争议性的问题 a controversial issue

11. 就我而言/ 就个人而言 As far as I am concerned, / Personally,

12. 有充分的理由支持 be supported by sound reasons

13. 双方的论点 argument on both sides

14. 发挥日益重要作用 play an increasingly important role in…

15. 对…必不可少 be indispensable to…

16. 正如谚语所说 As the proverb goes:

17. 对…产生有利/不利的影响 exert positive / negative effects on…

18. 利远远大于弊 The advantages far outweigh the disadvantages.

19. 导致,引起 lead to / give rise to / contribute to / result in

20. 复杂的社会现象 a complicated social phenomenon

21. 责任感 / 成就感 sense of responsibility / achievement

22. 竞争与合作精神 sense of competition and cooperation

23. 开阔眼界 widen one's horizon / broaden one's vision

24. 学习知识和技能 acquire knowledge and skills

25. 经济/心理负担 financial burden / psychological burden

26. 考虑到诸多因素 take many factors into consideration

27. 从另一个角度 from another perspective

28. 做出共同努力 make joint efforts

29. 对…有益 be beneficial to / be conducive to…

30. 为社会做贡献 make contributions to the society

31. 打下坚实的基础 lay a solid foundation for…

32. 综合素质 comprehensive quality

33. 致力于/ 投身于 be committed / devoted to…

34. 应当承认 Admittedly,

35. 不可推卸的义务 unshakable duty

36. 满足需求 satisfy / meet the needs of...

37. 可靠的信息源 a reliable source of information

38. 宝贵的自然资源 valuable natural resources

39. 因特网 the Internet (一定要由冠词,字母I 大写)

40. 方便快捷 convenient and efficient

41. 在人类生活的方方面面 in all aspects of human life

42. 环保的材料 environmentally friendly materials

43. 社会进步的体现 a symbol of society progress

44. 大大方便了人们的生活 Sth has greatly facilitated people's lives.

45. 对这一问题持有不同态度 hold different attitudes towards this issue

46. 在一定程度上 to some extent

47. 理论和实践相结合 integrate theory with practice

48.…必然趋势 an irresistible trend of…

49. 日益激烈的社会竞争 the increasingly keen social competition

50. 眼前利益 immediate interest/ short-term interest

51. 长远利益 long-tem interest

52.…有其自身的优缺点…has its own merits and demerits / pros and cons

53. 对…有害 do harm to / be harmful to / be detrimental to

54. 交流思想/ 情感/ 信息 exchange ideas / emotions / information

55. 跟上…的最新发展 keep pace with / keep abreast with the latest development of…

56.…的健康发展 the healthy development of…

57. 重视 attach great importance to…

58. 社会地位 social status

59. 把时间和精力放在…上 focus one's time and energy on…

60. 扩大知识面 expand one's scope of knowledge

61. 身心两方面 both physically and mentally

62. 有直接/间接关系 be directly / indirectly related to…

63. 导致很多问题 give rise to / lead to / spell various problems

64. 可以替代think的词 believe, claim, maintain, argue, insist, hold the opinion / belief / view that

65. 缓解压力/ 减轻负担 relieve stress / burden

66. 优先考虑/发展…give (top) priority to sth.

67. 与…比较 compared with…/ in comparison with

68. 可降解的/可分解的材料 degradable / decomposable material

69. 代替 replace / substitute / take the place of

70. 提供就业机会 offer job opportunities

71. 反映了社会进步的 mirror the social progress/advance

72. 增进相互了解 enhance / promote mutual understanding

73. 充分利用 make full use of / take advantage of

74. 承受更大的工作压力 suffer from heavier work pressure

75. 保障社会稳定和繁荣 guarantee the stability and prosperity of our society

76. 更多地强调 put more emphasis on…

77. 适应社会发展 adapt oneself to the social development

78. 实现梦想 realize one's dream

79. 主要理由列举如下 The main / leading reasons are listed as follows:

80. 我们还有很长的路要走 We still have a long way to go.

Argumentation型1) some, others, I 型(1)模版一There is no consensus among the people as to the view of _________ (主题). Some people …

Argumentation型1) some, others, I 型(1)模版一There is no consensus among the people as to the view of _________ (主题). Some people …

Argumentation型1) some, others, I 型(1)模版一There is no consensus among the people as to the view of _________ (主题). Some people …

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