冀教版八年级英语上册Unit1-5短语总结 投稿:孟縐縑

八年级英语第一单元知识点归纳1. betwween...and...:在...和...之间 2. be back to:回到... Be back home 回家3. over the summer holiday:在暑假期间 4. get sth …

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八年级英语第一单元知识点归纳

1. betwween...and...:在...和...之间 2. be back to:回到... Be back home 回家

3. over the summer holiday:在暑假期间 4. get sth from sb:从某人那得到某物】

Get e-mail from China收到来自中国的邮件5 be happy/sorry/glad …to do sth. 意思是很……做某事。 e.g. I’m happy to meet you.

6. It’s fun to get e-mail from China. .收到中国来的电子邮件很有趣。

it 是形式主语。真正的主语是动词不定式to get e-mail from China.

7. exercise 是名词,意思是练习, 锻炼,做练习讲时,是可数名词。做锻炼讲时是不可数名词;而在表示早操,眼保健操时要用复数形式。 (1).Running is good exercise for many people. (2).The students have to do a lot of math exercises. (3).We do morning exercises and eye exercises every day.

8 arrive from… 从某地返回 arrive at ..到达(小地点) arrive in 到达(大地点) 9. would like=want:想要

look like 看起来像=be like 10. wear 动词表示穿着,它有一些近义词,如:put on , dress, in 注意它们的区别.put on 意思是穿上强调穿的动作,dress意思是给某人穿或自己穿衣服.in 表示穿着的状态,与wear意思相同,但不能单独使用,需要和be一起做谓语,后面常跟表示颜色或服装的词.

①. You are wearing a red coat. ②.You have a red coat on.. ③. You are in a red coat.

④. He put on his coat and go out. ⑤.I dress myself every morning. ⑥.Mum is dressing my little sister.

11.take pictures/photos ,take a picture/photo意思是照相.

12 .wish n..①愿望:she has no wish to leave.她不想走。

②祝福,祝愿:With best wishes.祝好(信末结束语)。 v. 想要,需要,希望

⑴. wish to do:She wishes to go abroad.她想出国。

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⑵.wish sb. to do sth.:What do you wish me to do?你想让我做什么?

⑶.wish sb. sth.:I wish you a pleasant journey! 祝你旅途愉快!

13.lend me yours 把我的借给你(lend-lent –lent) Lend sb sth.=lend sth to sb 把某物借给某人 Borrow sb sth=borrow sth from sb向某人借某物 14 help you take the pthoto(帮你照相) Help sb do sth 帮某人做某事 Help sb with sth 再某方面帮助某人

15 I don’t know her , either . 我也不认识她. too, also与either

(1).also是正式用语,通常用于肯定句中,其位置一般放在系动词、助动词、情态动词之后或实义动词之前。如:

I also went.我也去了。

He can also speak English.他也会说英语。 (2).too常与also通用,口语中用得较多,也是用于肯定句中。其位置一般在句末或句中,在句末时,前边常有逗号;在句中时前后均有逗号。如: I,too,have been to Beijing.我也去过北京。 You work hard,and I work hard,too.你工作努力,我上作也努力。

(3).either用于否定句中,而且要放在句尾。如: If you don’t go,I won’t go,either.你不去,我也不去了。

16. write down:写下 记下write it /them down 17. go for walks=go for a walk:去散步 18. get out of:从...出来 Get out of bed 起床

11. one more:另一个+another one

.19 hate 不喜欢,憎恨hate to do sth, hate doing sth. 是固定短语都表示不喜欢或憎恨做某事

20. on the weekend =at the weekend在周末

21 Something different all year round . 一年到头穿不同的衣服.

形容词放在something , anything , nothing等不定代词的后面作定语.

I saw something interesting yesterday. 类似的有第六课中 someone very special 22. (1). be made of 由……制造的,指的是从成品上能看出原材料。

如:The desk is made of wood.

(2). be made from由……制造的,指的是从成品上很难以看出原材料。

如:Paper is made from wood. 23 all year round一年到头

24 stop doing sth (停止正在做的事) stop to do sth 停下来去做另一件事

25spend doing sth 花费(时间)做….. 26.go one’s own way 分道扬镳 26 at the end of …在…..的尽头

27come over 过来,顺便来访,抓住 28 hold out 伸出,主张,坚持 29make a deal 打成交易,和解

30 be ready to do sth 准备去做某事

.introduce v.介绍; 【考点】introduce sb. to sb.把某人介绍给某人:

May I introduce my friend Lucy to you?让我向你介绍我的朋友露茜。

31.piano n.钢琴:play the piano弹钢琴

【考点】play后面跟乐器时要加定冠词,如:play the violin, play the guitar, 后面跟球类时,不加定冠词。如:play basketball, play football. 32.married adj.结婚的:Are you married?你结婚了吗?

.他娶了一位著名的作家。

a married woman已婚女子 33 go to university 上大学

34 Brian and I were on one team, and Sandra and Danny were on the other team.布莱恩和我在一个(篮球)队,桑德拉和丹尼在另一个队。 (1).one...the other...指―(两个中的)一个……另一个……‖。如:

I have two pencils:one is red,the other is green. 我有两枝铅笔:一枝是红的,另一枝是绿的。 (2)on是介词,表示―是……中的一个成员‖、―在……供职‖。如:

I’m on our city team.我是市队里的一个成员。 I’m on the China Daily.我在《中国日报》社工作。

35.Last Saturday,my mother bought a pair of jeans for me.

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上星期六,我妈妈给我买了一条牛仔裤。

buy sth. for sb. 给某人买某物,也可以说成buy sb. sth.

e.g. She bought me a new bike

36 have the pleasure of doing sth高兴去做某事

八年级英语第二单元知识点归纳

1. be late for:...迟到 2. be short for:...的缩写

3. have a math exan:进行一次数学考试 4.in two minutes 两分钟以后 In ten more years 十多年以后 5. make sb do sth 使某人做某事

例如make us study hard 使我们努力学习

Make sb/sth +adj(形容词)使某人、某物保持某种状态 例如make me happy 6. work on:从事于

7. some more:更多一点 some more pictures更多一些图片

8. learn about:学会 了解 9. give a talk:做演讲 作报告

10. a lot of =lots of 后可接不可数名词或可数名词复数

11.be good at sth /doing sth=do well in sth / doing sth擅长做某事

12 much better 更好 much 用来修饰比较级 13. in the future:将来

14except意为

He has another car besides this. 除了这辆车外,他还有一辆。

Mary knows Japanese besides French. 除法语外,玛丽还懂日语。

15看见某人做某事 see sb do sth(看见全过程) See sb doing sth (看见某事正发生)

16 tell sb to do sth/ tell sb not to do sth 告诉某人做/不做某事

类似的短语有:ask sb do sth /ask sb not to do sth Try to do sth / try not to do sth 17 at noon 在中午

18 a little bit 有点儿

19. turn on 打开;发动(水、电视、收音机、灯、煤气等) Will you turn onthe radio? 你打开收音机好吗?

turn out/off 关掉(水、电视、收音机、灯、煤气等)

turn out the light 关掉灯 20英语时间通常用以下两种方法表达: 1. 直接表达法

A. 用基数词 + o'clock来表示整点,注意o'clock须用单数,可以省略。如:

eight o'clock 八点钟,ten (o'clock) 十点钟 B. 用基数词按钟点 + 分钟的顺序直接写出时间。如:

six forty六点四十 2. 间接表达法

A. 如果分钟数少于30分钟,可用分钟 + past /by+ 钟点表示,其中past是介词,意思是―过‖。如: twenty past four 四点二十 eight past one 一点八分 B. 如果分钟数多于30分钟,可用(60分钟-原分钟数)+ to +(原钟点数+ 1)表示,其中to是介词,意思是―差‖。如:

8:35 可表示为twenty-five to nine 差二十五分钟九点,即八点三十五(其中的分钟数twenty-five 是由60分钟减去35分钟得 到的;钟点数nine是由8加上1得到的)。

注:A. 当分钟数是15分钟时,可用名词quarter (一刻钟)表示。如:

7:15可表示为 a quarter past seven, 12:15可表示为 a quarter past twelve

B. 当分钟数是30分钟时,可用名词half (一半)表示。如:

9:30 可表示为 half past nine,3:30可表示为 half past three。

21 (1)

(2). keep sth/ sb. + 形容词 保持。。。怎么样 (3) keep …for two days把某物保管两天 22 voice.sound与noise

(1).voice一般指人的―声音、声质、声调‖。如: Her voice is very sweet.她的声音很甜。

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(2).sound含义最广,泛指可以听到的自然界中所有的声音。如:

I can hear the sound of running water.我能听到流水声。

(3).noise指―噪音、闹声‖,即不悦耳的、令人讨厌的声音。如:

Don’t make so much noises.不要那样吵 23 No noise !禁止喧哗 No smoking 禁止吸烟 24 half an hour 半小时

25present sb sth=present sth to sb 向某人展示某物

八年级英语第三单元知识点归纳

1. look for:寻找

2. National Day:国庆节

3. thank you for.sth/ doing sth..:为...感谢你 give thanks to sb for sth 因某事感谢某人 4. 名词所有格

1. 一般情况在名词后加's。例如:

That girl's coat is in the room. 那个女孩的衣服在房间里。

2. 在以s结尾的名词(包括以s结尾的复数名词)后面,只加 '。 如果复数名词不是以s结尾的,末尾也要加's。例如:

Today is September 10th, Teachers' Day. 今天是九月十日,教师节。

Children's Day is coming, I should buy something new for my son. 儿童节马上就要到了,我应该为我的儿子买一些新东西。

3. 表示词组内的并列名词各自的所有关系时,须在各个名词后加's;如果一个东西为两个人或者两个以上的人共同拥有,只在最后一个名词后面加's。例如:

They are John's and Kate's rooms. How beautiful they are! 这是约翰和凯特的房间。它们(指房间)太漂亮了!

He is Lily and Lucy's father. 他是莉莉和露西的爸爸。

5.get ready for sth 为某事做准备 6. be away from...:离...远 7. be the same as:与...一样 8. blow out:吹灭

9. get together:聚在一起 10.try on 试穿

注意:try it/them on

11. around the world=all over the world:全世界 12. return home:回家 Return a book h还书 return to…回到某地

13. give sb a big hug:拥抱某人

14. pass sb sth/pass sth to sb:递给某人某物 15. best wishes (to):最好的祝福

16. 您需要什么?What can I do for you?=May I help you?=Is there anything I can do for you? 17. be in fashion:流行

18.can’t wait to do sth 等不及,迫不及待(去做) 19 as usual 向往常一样

20. on the top of 在……顶上

21 have no luck (doing sth) 未能如愿 22 pick up 领取,捡起

22 (sth ) fit (sb)…well 非常合身

21 sweep the floor 擦地

do some housework 做些家务

22 be filled with sth = be full of sth 充满,装满 23 have the flu 得了流感 24 学会指路、问路

八年级英语第五单元知识点

1 talk about:讨论

2. It is scary to do sth 做某事很恐怖 Scary (物) scared (人)

4. no matter what:无论什么 no matter when:无论什么时候

5. tell sb to do sth:告诉某人做某事 6. for sure:对...有把握

7. at the very top:在...最顶端

8. be nice/good /friendly to sb 对某人友好 区分:It is nice /good/ of sb to do sth

9. around the world=all over the world:全世界

10 a fear of heights 恐高 fear sth 害怕….. in height 在高度上

11 at the same time 与此同时

12 the opposite of …..(某物)的反义词,对立面, 13 give advice to….给……提建议(adivice 为不可数名词,例如 some advice)

14 feed …with…为……提供食物,喂食 15 make money 赚钱

16 take steps to do sth 采取措施

17 encourage sb to sth 鼓励……去做…… 18 be famouse for 因……而出名

Be famouse as 作为(某种职业、身份)而有名 19 情态动词(见书本105-106页) 不定式(见书本106页)

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八年级英语第四单元知识点归纳

1. on one’s way to:在去...的路上

On one’s way to do sth 在去做某事的路上 2. take the school bus:乘坐校车

3. in the/one’s neighbourhood:在社区;在附近 4. parking lot:停车场

5. opposite sth =across from:在...对面 6.on TV 在电视上

7. point to (远指) Point at (近指) 8. play hockey:打曲棍球 9. ask sb to do sth:要求某人做某事 否定:ask sb not to do sth

10. lose one’s way:=get lost 迷路 11. walk along:walk down…沿着...走 12. get to know:了解;认识 13. be careful:小心;当心 14 walk past =walk by 走过 15 cross= go across 穿过

例如 cross the street = go across the sreet 16 Not yet 还没有

17 to tell you the truth 说实话

在第二个十字路口向右拐。 19 It is +距离(例如 two miles,ten minuts’ walk ) from …距离某地有多远

20. stay on the sidewalk 停在人行道上

用动词的适当形式填空:

1、I’ll give the book to him when he (come).

2、Tell (come) here on time. 3、I’d like you my parents. 4、 ―What are they doing?‖ ―Theyready for the sports meeting.‖ (get)

5、The boy asked his him go and play basketball.(let)

6、I’m sorry to keep you a long time. (wait)

7、It (take) him half an his homework yesterday.

8、If it an interesting film, we’ll see it tomorrow. (be)

9、They will have a trip to the Great Wall if it rain) tomorrow.

10、All the people in the town are ar) that a famous musician(音乐家) )a concert this Saturday evening. 11、What’re you doing Dad? I the radio.

12、Let’s the boxes to the house. 13、Yesterday she to see the film, but she couldn’t(get) a ticket.

14、I to you when I get to Shanghai.

15、Don’t make any (噪音),

16、There a meeting next Monday. 17、They an English evening next week.

18、I’m very gladthat. 19、They (visit) the History Museum last week.

20、The scientist (give) us a talk yesterday.

21、They a new bridge over the

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river next year.

22、The (have) a basketball match now. Let’s and (watch).

23、 ―What makes you I’m a farmer?‖ the Frenchman asked.

24、It’s not easyfish with your hands only.

25、Have you finished (read) this book? 26、It takes him half an (go) to work by bus.

27、Hurry up or we (be) late for class. 28、I don’t know howthis question.

29、Why (go) there on foot? 30、I don’t think that it (rain) tomorrow. 31、Yesterday my mother told (not play) with fire. It’s dangerous.

32、He kept me (wait) for him for a long time.

33、Did you see (wash) when you got to his home?

34、They want to go there on foot. . (do)

35、It’s time for class. 36、It makes thirsty. 37、It’s time(go) to bed. 38、Tell here on time. 39、I’d like you my parents. 40、Would you like (visit) the Summer Palace with me?

41、Go on (work). We still have time.

单项选择

( )1. ___________takes me some time to finish the work.

A. It B. You C. He D. It’s ( )2. ___________can mend the bike, please give it to__________.

A. You; me B. His; him C. She; her D. I; you

train ( )3. I don’t like this one, please show me

___________ . ( )17. Boys and girls, look left first before you A. another B. other C. the other D. ___________the street. the other A. crossing B. cross C. across D.

crosses ( )4. He is pointing ___________the right side.

A. at B. for C. by D. in ( )18. It’s my turn ___________ the blackboard ( )5. There are ___________ people in the park. today. A. too much B. much too C. too many A. cleaning B. cleaned C. cleans D. to D. many too clean ( )6. -----Does Bill like American food? ( )19. The young man, with his two friends,

___________have a trip tomorrow. -----I’ve ___________.

A. no ideas B. no idea C. not idea D. A. is going to B. are going to C. was going not know to D. shall ( )7. What would you like ___________this ( )20. They are ___________their lost dog. evening? A. look for B. finding C. looking for D. A. do B. doing C. to do D. did looking after ( )8. Thank you for ___________me __________ ( )21. These books are my Chinese. ___________.__________are at school. A. help; to B. helps; with C. helped; in A. your; Our B. yours; Ours C. yours; My D. helping; with D. your; Mine ( )9. The teacher made us ___________our ( )22. I don’t like fat meat, ___________ homework on time. A. too B. either C. also D. neither A. finishing B. finish C. finished D. ( )23. ___________is important to be nice to our finishes parents.

A. This B. It C. That D. She ( )11. Tell him _________play in class.

A. isn’t B. don’t C. not to D. ( )24. Danny and Kate are ___________ to not ____________way to meet Tom.

A. in; their B. on; their C. in; them D. ( )12. I ___________ him the postcard already, I

__________ it yesterday. on; they A. am sending; will send B. sent; sent C. have ( )25. Jim bought his mother a gift, it sent; sent D. send; send ___________him 45 yuan.

A. spent B. cost C. took D. paid ( )13. I hope you’ll come to see me

___________next week. ( )26. I want to show ___________ A. sometime B. sometimes C. some times ___________new timetable. D. some time A. you; me B. your; my C. you; my D.

yours; mine ( )14. -----I’m too tired to walk, let’s stop

___________rest. ----- Ok, let’s stop ___________. ( )27. It usually ___________me half an hour to A. have; walk B. to have; walking C. having; finish my homework every day. walk D. to had; walking A. takes B. cost C. spent D. took ( )15. ----Where is Ann? -----She ( )28. All the students finished their homework ___________ visit her grandmother. ___________me, because I was ill yesterday.

A. has been to B. has gone to C. will go to A. besides B. beside C. except D. excepts D. went to ( )29. Class meeting ___________in half an

hour. ( )16. My mother will go to Shanghai by

___________ next month. A. will start B. started C. has started D. is A. air B. a plane C. foot D. the starting

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选择与句中划线部分意思相同或相近的词或短语。

1. A. and B. so C. except D. with A. a lot of fun B. sad C. good D. happy A. go to a restaurant B. go shopping C. go to see a film D. go to the park A. at B. in C. to D. about A. does his homework well B. is good at C. be good at D. is good in B) 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

6. Kate Green is a nineteen-year-old girl. She is not A. Mrs. Green B. Miss Green C. Mrs. Kate D. Miss Kate 7. Are you ready ______the exam?

A. to B. with C. for D. at 8. She’s read the story, _____she?

A. hasn’t B. isn’t C. doesn’t D. wasn’t 9. Has he ______you to his birthday party?

A. ask B invited C. wants D. have A. favorites B. favorite C. favorite subject D. subject 11. Class is over. Let’s stop ________.

A. to have a rest B. having a rest C. had a rest D. have a rest

is another way of saying three forty-five. A. A quarter past three B. A quarter after three C. A quarter to three D. A quarter to four 13. —Have you ever been to the zoo?

— .

A. No, I don’t B. No yet C. Not yet D. Not never 14. His coat is just ______yours.

A. look B. looks like C. like D. look like 15. I hope I’ll go to Beijing _____.

A. sometime B. sometimes C. some time D. some times

to show you.

A. different something B. something different C. anything different D. different anything

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17. Excus e me. I have _____questions to ask.

A. two more B. more two C. another D. the others

18. What’s your coat _____?

A. made by B. made in C. made of D. made 19. There is no difference between the two words. I really don’t know.

A. what to choose B. which to choose C. to choose which D. to choose what 20. Can you show me _____ an e-mail?

A. send B. how to send

C. what to send D. to send 21. I’m _____ Helen. Have you seen her?

A. looking up B. looking after C. looking at D. looking for 22. The scientist knows two languages. He can speak ____ English _____ French.

A. either; or B. neither; or C. both; and D. so; that

23. The delicious food makes the boy ____ hungry.

A. feeling B. feels C. feel D. felt

八年级英语第一单元知识点归纳1. betwween...and...:在...和...之间 2. be back to:回到... Be back home 回家3. over the summer holiday:在暑假期间 4. get sth …

八年级英语第一单元知识点归纳1. betwween...and...:在...和...之间 2. be back to:回到... Be back home 回家3. over the summer holiday:在暑假期间 4. get sth …

八年级英语第一单元知识点归纳1. betwween...and...:在...和...之间 2. be back to:回到... Be back home 回家3. over the summer holiday:在暑假期间 4. get sth …

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